At times, separating trash between paper and plastic can be time-consuming. But it's nothing compared to the recycling efforts of residents in Kamikatsu, a small village in southwestern Japan.
They sort their garbage into 34 separate categories of waste, as noted in this video discovered by Fast Company. Residents sort their trash into super-specific categories, like aluminum cans, steel cans, paper cartons, and paper flyers.
It took time for residents to adjust to the tedious task of washing, sorting, and bringing their trash to the town's sorting center (Although the residents do sort their trash before they bring it the center, workers there make sure the trash goes into the right bins).
This process is now routine.
Now 80% of the town's garbage is recycled, reused, or composted, with the rest going to a landfill.
The process saves the village a third of its former costs from waste incineration. By 2020, Kamikatsu hopes to be completely zero-waste.
Globally, the amount of trash produced is growing faster than the rate of urbanization, according to a 2015 World Bank report. By 2025, the organization estimates that 1.4 billion more people will live in cities worldwide, with each person producing about 3 pounds of waste per day - more than double the current average.
Japan produces nearly half the amount of waste per capita as the US.
Beyond Kamikatsu, cities around the world are trying to reduce their waste footprints. For example, San Diego recently announced its plan to reduce trash disposal by 75% by 2030 and become completely waste-free by 2040. New York City has similarly ambitious plans, hoping to be waste-free in 15 years.